FERPA policies on access to student records
Federal law, state law, and regents' policy govern access to student records. The federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the State of Minnesota Data Practices Act form the backdrop for the University's policies on access to student records.
The Board of Regents Policy: Student Education Records governs our directory information and access to student records. Additional relevant University policies include Information Security policy and Managing Student Records.
FERPA applies to student educational records, which is defined broadly. Student educational records include information provided by a student for use in the educational process, such as:
- Personal information (name, birthdate, pronouns, etc.)
- Enrollment records
- Student's exams or papers
- Class schedules
FERPA tutorial and handout
Review this online tutorial to familiarize yourself with FERPA and the importance of protecting students' educational records.
For a one-page overview of FERPA, view ASR's "FERPA: What faculty and staff need to know" handout.
Under FERPA, students have the right to:
- Inspect and review information in their educational records
- Request a correction to their record
- Suppress the release of directory information
- View a copy of the institutional policy
Students can file complaints with the US Department of Education, Family Policy Compliance Office.
General FERPA guidelines
The following practices will help ensure compliance with the various laws and regulations of FERPA:
- Do not look up information about students unless it is part of your job duties.
- If in doubt, do not give out information. We have 10 days to respond to most legitimate requests.
- Share student information within the University only with those who have a "legitimate educational interest." (Those with a "legitimate educational interest" are University employees who have a need to know in order to carry out their defined job functions.)
- Do not post grades or return graded materials in such a way that one student can see or ascertain the grade of another. (See detailed information about safe handling of grading information.)
- Obtain a student's written permission for any material put in a letter of recommendation. (Or give the letter to the student for distribution.)
Directory information (public)
The following information is public per Board of Regents policy, unless a student has requested non-disclosure (suppression):
- University affiliation (student, staff)
- Dates of enrollment (term, year)
- Enrollment status (full/part time, or not enrolled)
- Home campus
- Registration campus
- Academic awards and honors
- Degree received
Limited Directory information
While legitimate educational interest is not required for access, the following information is limited to other University of Minnesota students, staff, and faculty per Board of Regents policy, unless a student has requested non-disclosure (suppression):
- Internet ID
- Email address
- Home address
- Home phone number
Options for suppression
Students have options for non-disclosure (suppression):
- Suppress ONLY phone numbers.
- Suppress ONLY addresses.
- Suppress BOTH phone numbers and my addresses.
- Suppress phone numbers, address, email (“directory suppression”).
- Suppress ALL information about me (“full suppression”).
Check to see if the student has requested no disclosure before giving out any public information.
Non-public (private) information
Information other than directory information is not public and may not be released except under certain, prescribed conditions. Non-releasable information includes:
- Courses taken
- Test scores
- Advising records
- Educational services received
- Disciplinary actions
- Social security number
- Student ID number
- Official records (e.g., transcripts) should be sent by the office responsible for the record.
- Note that spouses, parents/guardians, and employers are not entitled to more information than anyone else. Refer parental requests to One Stop Student Services.
- Requests for lists of students should be sent to the Office of Institutional Research.
- Requests for lists of students from a member of the public/someone not affiliated with the University should be referred to the University's Data Request Center.